By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Publised at Friday, January 05th 2018, 20:02:39 PM. If possible, use an insulated in-line crimp connector. Test each mended wire with a circuit tester and battery, connected to the nearest connectors either side of the mend. Re-wrap the exposed section of the loom with self-adhesive or "clingfilm" PVC insulating tape. Put some layers between the exposed section and adjoining wires - not merely a cover over the top - then fit the loom back into the car. Reconnect all terminals and clips, then test all the electrical components involved.
By Claudine Nicolette. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, February 17th 2018, 21:58:32 PM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, February 17th 2018, 18:11:50 PM. Manufacturers can use fixtures or panels to secure or frame fragile, thin, or oddly shaped PCBs. This allows them to easily fit the boards in the standard assembly, reflow, or automatic inspection machines. In addition to handling the irregular boards, the technologies enable the simultaneous processing of multiple boards as opposed to working on each board individually, hence reducing the production time and costs.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, February 17th 2018, 11:30:49 AM. It’s always good to be cognizant of trace lengths when you’re laying out a parallel bus, though at moderate frequencies it is nothing to stress about. The propagation time for a signal traveling through a trace is maybe 150 picoseconds/inch. So if you have two traces with a length mismatch of one inch, one signal will arrive 150 ps after the other signal. If your signals are transitioning at a frequency whose corresponding period is much greater than 150 ps, this one-inch mismatch won’t cause problems. Even at 100 MHz (which is pretty fast for a parallel bus), the period is 10 ns, i.e., ~67 times larger than the time-of-arrival discrepancy for a one-inch mismatch.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, February 17th 2018, 06:51:40 AM. Variable speed motors do not necessary have the hall effect probes. The electronics in the ESC pulses the motor to tell it is initial direction and some other feed back system humans using RC or an autopilot reading accelerometers or gyros adjusts the speed.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, February 17th 2018, 04:34:39 AM. Starter motors fail mostly due to overheating. They are placed in a hostile, hot environment and cannot be expected to last indefinitely. Another mode of failure is a shorted or open winding. This exhibits itself as a "dead spot" on the commutator. If a brush lands on a dead spot the motor wont turn at all. A third failure-mode is a faulty pinion engagement. Sometimes the pinion assembly gets stiff or stuck due to lack of lubrication or wear. Starter motor rebuilding or replacement is required for all of these problems.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, February 16th 2018, 23:39:49 PM. Although this device uses an I2C interface with communication speeds up to 1 MHz, two of the eight pins are dedicated to Alert (pin3) and nReset (pin 6). The Alert pin is intended to be connected, if desired, to an interrupt pin on a microcontroller. According to section 3.5 (ALERT Pin) of the datasheet, "The output of the pin depends on the value of the temperature reading relative to programmable limits," and its function is "explained in a separate application note.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, February 16th 2018, 21:42:01 PM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
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