By Mailys Laurent. Car Wiring. Publised at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 17:09:32 PM. Both coils draw the plunger inward, causing it to pull the shift lever and engage the pinion gear. When the plunger is pulled into the coil all the way, the pinion fully engages the ring gear. When the ring gear is fully engaged, engine cranking begins. When the engine starts the hold-in coil will cut out and the plunger will move out, retracting the pinion and opening the starter switch.
By Gaspard Magalie. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 07:06:16 AM. Care should be taken when depaneling the perforated-tab PCB array; otherwise, an incorrect method will splinter or tear the solder-mask or active surface layer. The ideal breakout method should not cause any damage to the board or transfer stress from the PCB surface to the components.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 05:49:16 AM. V-groove panelization involves cutting a third of the board’s thickness from the top and bottom sides. The remaining part joins the separate boards and is then cut with a machine during the depaneling. This helps to reduce the stress on the PCB. One challenge with the V-groove method is that it is restrictive and cannot be used with PCBs that have overhanging components over the edges.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 02:25:46 AM. Manufacturers can use fixtures or panels to secure or frame fragile, thin, or oddly shaped PCBs. This allows them to easily fit the boards in the standard assembly, reflow, or automatic inspection machines. In addition to handling the irregular boards, the technologies enable the simultaneous processing of multiple boards as opposed to working on each board individually, hence reducing the production time and costs.
By Fleurette Nina. Motor Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 01:13:26 AM. The motor can be directly pulsed by the arduino. The arduino can also supply power to the motor, but normally this is only a good idea for demonstration purposes. The arduino has a very weak power supply, and attempting to power a motor through it can destroy the arduino. Furthermore, the arduino may not be able to supply the exact correct maximum voltage. For this reason, an ESC is placed between the arduino and the motor.
By France Barbara. Car Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 00:11:54 AM. Solder the wire to the connector with just enough solder to secure all the strands. Let the connector cool before sliding the cover back. Fitting a bullet connector. Remove insulation with a wire stripper. Use a wire stripper to remove about 3/8 in. (10 mm) of insulation from the end of the wire.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 23:11:28 PM. Dithering the stepper signal at a higher frequency than the motor can respond to will reduce this "static friction" effect. Because windings are better utilized, they are more powerful than a unipolar motor of the same weight. This is due to the physical space occupied by the windings.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 22:41:48 PM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
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