By Mailys Laurent. Car Wiring. Publised at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 17:09:32 PM. Starter motors fail mostly due to overheating. They are placed in a hostile, hot environment and cannot be expected to last indefinitely. Another mode of failure is a shorted or open winding. This exhibits itself as a "dead spot" on the commutator. If a brush lands on a dead spot the motor wont turn at all. A third failure-mode is a faulty pinion engagement. Sometimes the pinion assembly gets stiff or stuck due to lack of lubrication or wear. Starter motor rebuilding or replacement is required for all of these problems.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 07:38:14 AM. Relays are devices that utilize a central iron core fitted closely to the inside of a coil of wire. When the wire is energized the iron core will be drawn down the length of the coil, the direction dependent upon the direction of current flow. If the relays iron core is fitted with large, high current-carrying contacts it can be used as a high-current switch. Relays are used throughout cars for horns, electric fans, air conditioning clutches, etc. and the most important one is the starter solenoid.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 07:36:02 AM. Depanelization is the process of separating the individual boards from the main array and usually depends on the panelization method applied. The choice depends on the clearance to provide at the edges of the PCB, and the presence of sensitive SMT devices, or hanging connectors near the edges. There are automatic methods, such as the laser cutting or depaneling router, as well as manual methods that involve breaking the tabs using hands or other tools.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 06:02:33 AM. Cut out all the damaged wires with wire cutters. Spread out the cuts across a bundle of several wires: if many joins are opposite each other their bulk may make it difficult to fit the loom into the car. If possible, replace wiring with new wire of the same colour. The new wire must be the right size: there are five sizes, depending on current rating. Repairs in wrapped sections of the loom are the only places where you may join wires by twisting them together and soldering the joint mainly because there may not be room for any other method.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 03:50:37 AM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By France Barbara. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 02:10:06 AM. Cable sizes are given by two numbers. The first one is the number of strands. The second (which is always the same in car wiring) is the diameter of each strand in millimetres. Twisting wires together and fitting spade terminals twist bare ends together and solder them.Cover the joint with insulating tape. Tag connectors are closedround the bare wire withpliers, then soldered. A spade terminal is easy to disconnect andreconnect. Methods of joining, wires To connect two wires, use a wire stripper to remove about in. (19 mm) of insulation from each wire.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 11th 2018, 23:55:36 PM. This IC is available only in an 8-pin dual-flat no-leads (DFN) package, measuring a scant 2.5mm × 2.5mm with a tiny thickness of only 0.9mm. There is also, in addition to the eight pins, a thermal pad that is connected to ground (see image below).
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 11th 2018, 21:05:01 PM. Since the finite-impulse-response (FIR) filtering is a common operation in DSP, we will continue our discussion based on examining the difference equation of an FIR filter. This simple example will show the typical properties of many DSP algorithms. After reviewing the problem of handling the incoming samples, we will discuss the circular buffering as an efficient solution to the problem.
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