By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Saturday, September 30th 2017, 19:13:18 PM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:42:26 AM. Manufacturers can use fixtures or panels to secure or frame fragile, thin, or oddly shaped PCBs. This allows them to easily fit the boards in the standard assembly, reflow, or automatic inspection machines. In addition to handling the irregular boards, the technologies enable the simultaneous processing of multiple boards as opposed to working on each board individually, hence reducing the production time and costs.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:28:42 AM. Since the finite-impulse-response (FIR) filtering is a common operation in DSP, we will continue our discussion based on examining the difference equation of an FIR filter. This simple example will show the typical properties of many DSP algorithms. After reviewing the problem of handling the incoming samples, we will discuss the circular buffering as an efficient solution to the problem.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 09:22:32 AM. The fixtures are usually available in a variety of designs, materials, sizes, and thicknesses. Some can carry more than one board hence allowing the processing of multiple PCBs simultaneously. Other designs have adjustments to support both the primary and secondary side processes.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 08:37:15 AM. Label wires before cutting them when working on a section of the loom. Before you disconnect anything, make absolutely sure you know how to put it back. Number both sides of each connection with labels made of masking tape. If necessary, make drawings of cable routes and how clips fit. Use a craft knife or razor blade to cut away the wrapping from the damaged section. Take care not to cut into the plastic cable insulation.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 08:31:27 AM. V-groove panelization involves cutting a third of the board’s thickness from the top and bottom sides. The remaining part joins the separate boards and is then cut with a machine during the depaneling. This helps to reduce the stress on the PCB. One challenge with the V-groove method is that it is restrictive and cannot be used with PCBs that have overhanging components over the edges.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 06:55:37 AM. Spade terminal The spade terminal is theusual way of fixing wires to components. Crimp or bullet connector The crimpconnector is used for joining single wires toeach other. It may be a single or doubleconnector, or a multi- connector carryingseveral wires.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 05:48:48 AM. Bipolar motors have a single winding per phase. The current in a winding needs to be reversed in order to reverse a magnetic pole, so the driving circuit must be more complicated, typically with an H-bridge arrangement "however there are several off-the-shelf driver chips available to make this a simple affair". There are two leads per phase, none are common.Static friction effects using an H-bridge have been observed with certain drive topologies.
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