By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, November 22nd 2017, 13:04:57 PM. The decoupling capacitors (C4, C5, C6, C7, C9, C10, C11) are arranged around the perimeter of the chip, very close to their respective power pins and to the vias that connect the caps to the internal planes. Notice how the smaller cap is always closer to the power pin; this is because we rely more on the lower-value capacitor for high-frequency bypassing, and thus the first priority is minimizing the inductance and resistance between the smaller cap and the pin.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Monday, February 19th 2018, 05:58:07 AM. The fixture should support the board and prevent distortion as the board goes through the printing, component placement, and reflow processes. Its construction should ensure adequate protection for the bottom side components during the double-sided reflow process.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Sunday, February 11th 2018, 00:47:29 AM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
By Gaspard Magalie. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 23:04:12 PM. It’s always good to be cognizant of trace lengths when you’re laying out a parallel bus, though at moderate frequencies it is nothing to stress about. The propagation time for a signal traveling through a trace is maybe 150 picoseconds/inch. So if you have two traces with a length mismatch of one inch, one signal will arrive 150 ps after the other signal. If your signals are transitioning at a frequency whose corresponding period is much greater than 150 ps, this one-inch mismatch won’t cause problems. Even at 100 MHz (which is pretty fast for a parallel bus), the period is 10 ns, i.e., ~67 times larger than the time-of-arrival discrepancy for a one-inch mismatch.
By Claudine Nicolette. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 20:19:29 PM. Splices may be used within 30cm of a termination device when attaching to the pigtail spare lead of a potted termination device, to splice multiple wires to a single wire, or to adjust the wire sizes so that they are compatible with the contact crimp barrel sizes.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 20:12:23 PM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 15:30:43 PM. Generally, the fixture materials, which range from synthetic plastics and stones to aluminum alloys and epoxy glass, should be electrostatic neutral, and able to withstand repeated thermal cycles and chemicals without deforming or wear. In particular, the thin fixtures provide better thermal management.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 09:43:55 AM. SMT fixtures are rigid PCB carriers that allow manufacturers to load single or multiple irregular boards, and then take them through the standard processing machines. This makes it possible to carry out tasks such as automatic mounting of electronic components, infra-red reflow soldering, wave soldering, automatic testing, etc.
By Fleurette Nina. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 08:52:17 AM. They are not controlled through a circuit board or ESC. They have to be connected to the arduino through a motor shield or custom built circuit. They are typically the most expensive. Stepper motors can have 4, 5, 6, or 8 wires. To use them with the arduino, understanding the internal wiring is absolutely necessary. The best way to learn the internal wiring is to assume no manual exists, and "discover" the internal wiring.
By Dorian Yannic. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 07:22:49 AM. Fixed speed motors have a cable that contains power, inputs (motor on, motor half speed) and an output pulse related to the motors motion. Variable speed motors typically have no circuitry directly associated with the motor. Instead there are typically three wires coming out that attach to an "Electronic Speed Controller."
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