By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Monday, February 19th 2018, 05:58:07 AM. Panelization is the arranging of arrays of multiple PCBs onto a single substrate that fits in the standard processing machine. A panel may hold multiple boards with similar or different sizes and shapes. This method is faster and less costly compared to the fixtures, which require a custom carrier for every new PCB design.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, November 22nd 2017, 13:04:57 PM. This IC is available only in an 8-pin dual-flat no-leads (DFN) package, measuring a scant 2.5mm × 2.5mm with a tiny thickness of only 0.9mm. There is also, in addition to the eight pins, a thermal pad that is connected to ground (see image below).
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Sunday, February 11th 2018, 00:47:29 AM. V-groove panelization involves cutting a third of the board’s thickness from the top and bottom sides. The remaining part joins the separate boards and is then cut with a machine during the depaneling. This helps to reduce the stress on the PCB. One challenge with the V-groove method is that it is restrictive and cannot be used with PCBs that have overhanging components over the edges.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 12:13:08 PM. PCBs with SMT on both sides and those with mixed TH and SMTs may start to flex and bow when in the reflow oven or selective soldering machine. For this reason, the maximum size for this type of board is usually smaller than the single-sided. Breaking out the boards manually can stress the board and components near the edges, the solder joints, or leave out rough stubs on the edges
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 11:51:25 AM. Manual removal of the tabs depends on the design and thickness of the board. Extra care is required since using some tools such as the hook-shaped blade to break the solid tabs between the boards can be challenging and inefficient. For example, if the blade rotates within the small clearance between the boards, it can easily take a bite out of the useful part of the PCB. Also, taping the blade-cutting edge leaves a small part of the tab protruding from the board.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 11:15:02 AM. Parts of the motor are often attached to a circuit board. Magnets are attached on the inside of the can that spins with the shaft .. sort of like a spinning umbrella. All brushless motors have a spinning umbrella. Inside the umbrella is a permanent magnet. It looks like one continuous round magnet. However it is more like series of magnets.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 10:25:56 AM. Speed can be varied by either changing the voltage or pulsing the motor. Most computer controlled DC motors are pulsed. Pulses of a fixed voltage are sent to the motor, usually by an Electronic Speed Controller or ESC. A pulse of 1.5 ms causes no motion. Wider pulses cause faster spinning in one direction. Shorter pulses cause faster spinning in the opposite direction. Eventually, an overstressed ESC stops pulsing and turns one wire on and one wire off, depending on the direction.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 09:37:00 AM. The circular arrangement of electromagnets is divided into groups, each group called a phase, and there is an equal number of electromagnets per group. The number of groups is chosen by the designer of the stepper motor. The electromagnets of each group are interleaved with the electromagnets of other groups to form a uniform pattern of arrangement. For example, if the stepper motor has two groups identified as A or B, and ten electromagnets in total, then the grouping pattern would be ABABABABAB.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 09:31:29 AM. Since the finite-impulse-response (FIR) filtering is a common operation in DSP, we will continue our discussion based on examining the difference equation of an FIR filter. This simple example will show the typical properties of many DSP algorithms. After reviewing the problem of handling the incoming samples, we will discuss the circular buffering as an efficient solution to the problem.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 06:48:42 AM. The datasheet states (see image below) that this IC—specifically the CMOSens® technology that it uses—is "designed for mass production." Umm, should not this go without saying? I have seen datasheets state "not recommended for new designs," but I do not ever recall seeing one that specifies that the IC, or its underlying technology, is designed for mass production. This benefit makes me question if Sensirion has other ICs that are in fact not designed for mass production. It is all a bit puzzling. Have you seen other IC datasheets call this out? If so, please let us know.
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