By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, November 15th 2017, 07:22:30 AM. It transmits engine power to the gearbox, and allows transmission to be interrupted while a gear is selected to move off from a stationary position, or when gears are changed while the car is moving. Master cylinder Operatinglinkage Slave cylinder Flywheel The mastercylinder pumpshydraulic fluidin direction ofthe arrow. Most cars use a friction clutch operated either by fluid (hydraulic) or, more commonly, by a cable. When a car is moving under power, the clutch is engaged. A pressure plate bolted to the flywheel exerts constant force, by means of a diaphragm spring, on the driven plate. Earlier cars have a series of coil springs at the back of the pressure plate, instead of a diaphragm spring.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 19:12:00 PM. Reset pin may be used to generate a system reset of the IC. And while a reset may also be externally generated by issuing a command (referred to as a soft reset), to achieve a full reset it is recommended to use the nReset pin (or of course you can also cycle power). On the other hand, if this pin is not to be used then it is recommended that it is either left floating or tied to VDD via a series resistor of value ≥2 kΩ.
By Dorian Yannic. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 17:51:58 PM. The two wires of the brushed dc motor can be thought of as forward and reverse. The three wires of brushless can be thought of as 1, 2 and 3. Going forward would be this sequence 1-2, 2-3, 3-1, 1-2, etc. Going backwards would be 1-3, 3-2, 2-1, 1-3, etc. What this means is that one third of the motor is helping maintain momentum while another third is pulling the motor in a new direction.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 16:22:53 PM. The damage caused by overheated wires is easy to find; but if only a single wire has overheated and melted at some point, you may have to use a circuit tester to find the break. If the damage is in an open run of wiring, you may be able to mend separate wires without taking out a section of the loom. If it is in any part of the covered sections, you need to remove at least part of the wiring loom.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 15:34:30 PM. Even if only one wire has overheated, inspect all the others to make sure their insulation is not damaged. Before cutting out damaged wires, make sure that the colour coding is the same at each end of the damaged section of each wire, and that it is not so discoloured that it is unrecognisable. If there is any chance of confusion, label both ends.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 13:07:39 PM. Speed can be varied by either changing the voltage or pulsing the motor. Most computer controlled DC motors are pulsed. Pulses of a fixed voltage are sent to the motor, usually by an Electronic Speed Controller or ESC. A pulse of 1.5 ms causes no motion. Wider pulses cause faster spinning in one direction. Shorter pulses cause faster spinning in the opposite direction. Eventually, an overstressed ESC stops pulsing and turns one wire on and one wire off, depending on the direction.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:42:26 AM. As you may have noticed, this is one of those annoying situations in which the pin configuration is the opposite of what you want: the DAC’s input pins move from bit 7 to bit 0 going downward, whereas the MCU’s output pins move from bit 7 to bit 0 going upward. I couldn’t remedy this by re-assigning the microcontroller pins because I wanted the data bits to correspond to the actual bits of the Port 2 register (so that I could write a full byte to the DAC without moving bits around). So I ended up with some awkward routing, but nothing terrible.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:28:42 AM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
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