By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Publised at Saturday, January 13th 2018, 16:46:32 PM. Starter motors fail mostly due to overheating. They are placed in a hostile, hot environment and cannot be expected to last indefinitely. Another mode of failure is a shorted or open winding. This exhibits itself as a "dead spot" on the commutator. If a brush lands on a dead spot the motor wont turn at all. A third failure-mode is a faulty pinion engagement. Sometimes the pinion assembly gets stiff or stuck due to lack of lubrication or wear. Starter motor rebuilding or replacement is required for all of these problems.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Publised at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 09:35:38 AM. STARTER SOLENOID "Relay" — All cars are wired so that the batterys main cable connects to the starter motor windings "the thick cable is needed for large current flow, right?". This wire must be switched on and off, of course, and it would be costly and inefficient to route it through the ignition switch "not to mention the size of the switchs components required to carry such current!". Consequently, a relay is necessary.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Publised at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 02:52:12 AM. It transmits engine power to the gearbox, and allows transmission to be interrupted while a gear is selected to move off from a stationary position, or when gears are changed while the car is moving. Master cylinder Operatinglinkage Slave cylinder Flywheel The mastercylinder pumpshydraulic fluidin direction ofthe arrow. Most cars use a friction clutch operated either by fluid (hydraulic) or, more commonly, by a cable. When a car is moving under power, the clutch is engaged. A pressure plate bolted to the flywheel exerts constant force, by means of a diaphragm spring, on the driven plate. Earlier cars have a series of coil springs at the back of the pressure plate, instead of a diaphragm spring.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, October 12th 2017, 05:54:44 AM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, October 10th 2017, 02:36:22 AM. Splices may be used within 30cm of a termination device when attaching to the pigtail spare lead of a potted termination device, to splice multiple wires to a single wire, or to adjust the wire sizes so that they are compatible with the contact crimp barrel sizes.
By Claudine Nicolette. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, October 07th 2017, 00:23:28 AM. Stepper motor performance is strongly dependent on the driver circuit. Torque curves may be extended to greater speeds if the stator poles can be reversed more quickly, the limiting factor being a combination of the winding inductance. To overcome the inductance and switch the windings quickly, one must increase the drive voltage. This leads further to the necessity of limiting the current that these high voltages may otherwise induce.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, October 04th 2017, 00:20:15 AM. Manufacturers can use fixtures or panels to secure or frame fragile, thin, or oddly shaped PCBs. This allows them to easily fit the boards in the standard assembly, reflow, or automatic inspection machines. In addition to handling the irregular boards, the technologies enable the simultaneous processing of multiple boards as opposed to working on each board individually, hence reducing the production time and costs.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, October 02nd 2017, 21:00:02 PM. You can see how all the power supply connections use large traces or copper pours. The AWG doesn’t have high current requirements, but the board house doesn’t give you a discount for using less copper, so you might as well opt for large (= low-resistance, low-inductance) traces if you have the room.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, October 01st 2017, 20:21:48 PM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, September 30th 2017, 19:13:18 PM. SMT fixtures are rigid PCB carriers that allow manufacturers to load single or multiple irregular boards, and then take them through the standard processing machines. This makes it possible to carry out tasks such as automatic mounting of electronic components, infra-red reflow soldering, wave soldering, automatic testing, etc.
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