By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Monday, January 01st 2018, 02:25:46 AM. Depanelization is the process of separating the individual boards from the main array and usually depends on the panelization method applied. The choice depends on the clearance to provide at the edges of the PCB, and the presence of sensitive SMT devices, or hanging connectors near the edges. There are automatic methods, such as the laser cutting or depaneling router, as well as manual methods that involve breaking the tabs using hands or other tools.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 15:34:30 PM. If possible, use an insulated in-line crimp connector. Test each mended wire with a circuit tester and battery, connected to the nearest connectors either side of the mend. Re-wrap the exposed section of the loom with self-adhesive or "clingfilm" PVC insulating tape. Put some layers between the exposed section and adjoining wires - not merely a cover over the top - then fit the loom back into the car. Reconnect all terminals and clips, then test all the electrical components involved.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 13:07:39 PM. What is commonly referred to as microstepping is often sine–cosine microstepping in which the winding current approximates a sinusoidal AC waveform. Sine–cosine microstepping is the most common form, but other waveforms can be used. Regardless of the waveform used, as the microsteps become smaller, motor operation becomes more smooth, thereby greatly reducing resonance in any parts the motor may be connected to, as well as the motor itself. Resolution will be limited by the mechanical stiction, backlash, and other sources of error between the motor and the end device. Gear reducers may be used to increase resolution of positioning.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:42:26 AM. The fixtures are usually available in a variety of designs, materials, sizes, and thicknesses. Some can carry more than one board hence allowing the processing of multiple PCBs simultaneously. Other designs have adjustments to support both the primary and secondary side processes.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:28:42 AM. Panelization is the arranging of arrays of multiple PCBs onto a single substrate that fits in the standard processing machine. A panel may hold multiple boards with similar or different sizes and shapes. This method is faster and less costly compared to the fixtures, which require a custom carrier for every new PCB design.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 09:22:32 AM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 08:37:15 AM. Cable sizes are given by two numbers. The first one is the number of strands. The second (which is always the same in car wiring) is the diameter of each strand in millimetres. Twisting wires together and fitting spade terminals twist bare ends together and solder them.Cover the joint with insulating tape. Tag connectors are closedround the bare wire withpliers, then soldered. A spade terminal is easy to disconnect andreconnect. Methods of joining, wires To connect two wires, use a wire stripper to remove about in. (19 mm) of insulation from each wire.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 08:31:27 AM. The tab-route or breakaway tab method is suitable for PCBs with either similar or different designs, or where it is not possible or practical to use the V-grooves. The designer leaves a perforated tabs routing space between the different or similar boards, hence allowing for separation after processing.
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