By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 01:57:12 AM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Motor Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 10th 2018, 10:58:15 AM. Speed can be varied by either changing the voltage or pulsing the motor. Most computer controlled DC motors are pulsed. Pulses of a fixed voltage are sent to the motor, usually by an Electronic Speed Controller or ESC. A pulse of 1.5 ms causes no motion. Wider pulses cause faster spinning in one direction. Shorter pulses cause faster spinning in the opposite direction. Eventually, an overstressed ESC stops pulsing and turns one wire on and one wire off, depending on the direction.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 10th 2018, 10:33:59 AM. It appears to be falling apart like a vacuum cleaner motor. You do not need to tear these apart. Look at these wikicommons pictures. Taking apart a CD player and finding the motor is fairly easy.Start by turning it upside down and removing the screws holding the bottom plate on.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 10th 2018, 09:27:23 AM. It’s always good to be cognizant of trace lengths when you’re laying out a parallel bus, though at moderate frequencies it is nothing to stress about. The propagation time for a signal traveling through a trace is maybe 150 picoseconds/inch. So if you have two traces with a length mismatch of one inch, one signal will arrive 150 ps after the other signal. If your signals are transitioning at a frequency whose corresponding period is much greater than 150 ps, this one-inch mismatch won’t cause problems. Even at 100 MHz (which is pretty fast for a parallel bus), the period is 10 ns, i.e., ~67 times larger than the time-of-arrival discrepancy for a one-inch mismatch.
By Claudine Nicolette. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 10th 2018, 05:08:28 AM. In a demanding application, we may not have the time to continuously check the pointers to see if they have reached the end of the buffer and wrap them back to the beginning of the buffer when necessary. As a result, a DSP processor uses dedicated hardware to provide some fast circular buffers.This hardware implementation automatically checks the status of the pointers and updates them accordingly.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Tuesday, January 09th 2018, 21:34:30 PM. Twist the bare ends together, then use pliers to press the twisted section into a compact shape. Solder the wires together so that they cannot be pulled apart, using only a little solder to avoid making the joint bulky. Wind insulating tape in a spiral over the joint.
By Olivier Constance. Motor Wiring. Published at Tuesday, January 09th 2018, 20:50:54 PM. An additional limitation, often comparable to the effects of inductance, is the back-EMF of the motor. As the motor rotor turns, a sinusoidal voltage is generated proportional to the speed (step rate). This AC voltage is subtracted from the voltage waveform available to induce a change in the current.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Tuesday, January 09th 2018, 19:40:09 PM. Push the wire into the connector so that the strands just protrude from the round end. Grip the cable, connector uppermost, in a vice or self-locking pliers, so that the connector rests on top of the vice and cannot slide down the wire when soldering. Inside a bullet connector. Apply solder on the top of the connector, and let it melt and run down inside. Trim off the protruding strands with wire cutters.
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