By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 01:57:12 AM. SMT fixtures are rigid PCB carriers that allow manufacturers to load single or multiple irregular boards, and then take them through the standard processing machines. This makes it possible to carry out tasks such as automatic mounting of electronic components, infra-red reflow soldering, wave soldering, automatic testing, etc.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 06:48:42 AM. You can also see that I’ve made it very easy for heat to move away from the regulator (U1) and into the ambient environment or into other portions of the PCB. U1’s thermal tab is connected to a large copper pour, and this copper pour is shot through with vias that conduct heat down to the internal ground plane. If I were really worried about thermal issues I could also connect these vias to a copper pour on the bottom side of the board, but in this case, it would have been total overkill.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 06:27:25 AM. When implementing a real-time system, we find a circular buffer critical whether we are using a DSP processor or a general purpose processor (GPP). However, with a GPP we may have to implement the circular buffer in software. As discussed in the previous section, with each new sample, we have to update the pointer which contains the address of the newest sample. With a circular buffer implemented in software, the programmer needs to take care of updating the buffer pointers after each read and write operation. When the pointer reaches the end of the buffer, the program must wrap the pointer back to the beginning of the buffer.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 05:05:36 AM. Note that U4, a 10 MHz MEMS oscillator, is also very close to the microcontroller’s clock input pin. It’s always a good idea to minimize the length of traces carrying high-frequency digital signals. First of all, there are noise benefits: a shorter, more direct trace reduces the amount of noise that would otherwise be coupled into adjacent traces, and a shorter trace also reduces electromagnetic interference (EMI) because it is less effective as an antenna. The second issue is related to transmission-line effects. Minimizing trace length is a simple way to avoid problems related to signal reflections. However, reflection is not a significant concern at frequencies in the 10 MHz range, unless you are dealing with long interconnections or a very large PCB.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 22:03:12 PM. To fit a spade terminal, slip the insulating cover over the wire and push it up the wire, out of the way. Use a wire stripper to remove about 1/8in. (3 mm) of insulation from the end of the wire. Lay the bare strands in the inner section of the connector. Use crimping pliers to tighten the two small tongues firmly around the insulated part of the wire. On the other side of the connector, push the wire strands back and down flat. Hold the connector blade upwards to avoid solder running into the spade part.
By France Barbara. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 15:05:05 PM. What is commonly referred to as microstepping is often sine–cosine microstepping in which the winding current approximates a sinusoidal AC waveform. Sine–cosine microstepping is the most common form, but other waveforms can be used. Regardless of the waveform used, as the microsteps become smaller, motor operation becomes more smooth, thereby greatly reducing resonance in any parts the motor may be connected to, as well as the motor itself. Resolution will be limited by the mechanical stiction, backlash, and other sources of error between the motor and the end device. Gear reducers may be used to increase resolution of positioning.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 14:42:03 PM. Cable sizes are given by two numbers. The first one is the number of strands. The second (which is always the same in car wiring) is the diameter of each strand in millimetres. Twisting wires together and fitting spade terminals twist bare ends together and solder them.Cover the joint with insulating tape. Tag connectors are closedround the bare wire withpliers, then soldered. A spade terminal is easy to disconnect andreconnect. Methods of joining, wires To connect two wires, use a wire stripper to remove about in. (19 mm) of insulation from each wire.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 14:38:48 PM. Solder the wire to the connector with just enough solder to secure all the strands. Let the connector cool before sliding the cover back. Fitting a bullet connector. Remove insulation with a wire stripper. Use a wire stripper to remove about 3/8 in. (10 mm) of insulation from the end of the wire.
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