By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 01:57:12 AM. Since the finite-impulse-response (FIR) filtering is a common operation in DSP, we will continue our discussion based on examining the difference equation of an FIR filter. This simple example will show the typical properties of many DSP algorithms. After reviewing the problem of handling the incoming samples, we will discuss the circular buffering as an efficient solution to the problem.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 10:25:56 AM. The arduino sends pulses to the servo motor much like sending them to an ESC. The pulses have a different meaning. The pulses describe a spot to go to. Within the servo there is a feedback mechanism that counts shadows or turns a variable resistor. The servo circuit board then moves the servo to that spot. It knows when it has reached the spot when a certain number of shadows have past or when the resistance reaches a certain value. The arduino has to keep sending the same position over and over again to hold the motor in a current spot. Short pulses go one direction, long pulses the opposite direction, medium pulse widths go to the middle. Middle is typically 1.5 milli seconds.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 09:37:00 AM. Speed can be varied by either changing the voltage or pulsing the motor. Most computer controlled DC motors are pulsed. Pulses of a fixed voltage are sent to the motor, usually by an Electronic Speed Controller or ESC. A pulse of 1.5 ms causes no motion. Wider pulses cause faster spinning in one direction. Shorter pulses cause faster spinning in the opposite direction. Eventually, an overstressed ESC stops pulsing and turns one wire on and one wire off, depending on the direction.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 09:31:29 AM. V-groove panelization involves cutting a third of the board’s thickness from the top and bottom sides. The remaining part joins the separate boards and is then cut with a machine during the depaneling. This helps to reduce the stress on the PCB. One challenge with the V-groove method is that it is restrictive and cannot be used with PCBs that have overhanging components over the edges.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 06:48:42 AM. digital signal processor is a specialized microprocessor for the kind of algorithms employed in digital signal processing (DSP). The main goal is to accelerate the calculations while keeping the power consumption as low as possible. In this article, we review a basic addressing capability of DSP processors, i.e. circular buffering, which allows us to significantly accelerate the data transfer in a real-time system. Please note that since the acronym “DSP” stands for both “digital signal processing” and “digital signal processor," we will use the term “DSP processor” when referring to the hardware rather than the algorithm.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 06:27:25 AM. When implementing a real-time system, we find a circular buffer critical whether we are using a DSP processor or a general purpose processor (GPP). However, with a GPP we may have to implement the circular buffer in software. As discussed in the previous section, with each new sample, we have to update the pointer which contains the address of the newest sample. With a circular buffer implemented in software, the programmer needs to take care of updating the buffer pointers after each read and write operation. When the pointer reaches the end of the buffer, the program must wrap the pointer back to the beginning of the buffer.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 05:05:36 AM. Although this device uses an I2C interface with communication speeds up to 1 MHz, two of the eight pins are dedicated to Alert (pin3) and nReset (pin 6). The Alert pin is intended to be connected, if desired, to an interrupt pin on a microcontroller. According to section 3.5 (ALERT Pin) of the datasheet, "The output of the pin depends on the value of the temperature reading relative to programmable limits," and its function is "explained in a separate application note.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 22:03:12 PM. Joins in individual wires are usually made with crimp connectors. The colour on the sleeve of a connector denotes the size of wire it will take. The bared ends of each wire are pushed into opposite ends of the metal-lined plastic sleeve, and squeezed with crimping pliers. There are multiple sleeves or other special connectors where a wire branches off.
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