By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 01:57:12 AM. Note that U4, a 10 MHz MEMS oscillator, is also very close to the microcontroller’s clock input pin. It’s always a good idea to minimize the length of traces carrying high-frequency digital signals. First of all, there are noise benefits: a shorter, more direct trace reduces the amount of noise that would otherwise be coupled into adjacent traces, and a shorter trace also reduces electromagnetic interference (EMI) because it is less effective as an antenna. The second issue is related to transmission-line effects. Minimizing trace length is a simple way to avoid problems related to signal reflections. However, reflection is not a significant concern at frequencies in the 10 MHz range, unless you are dealing with long interconnections or a very large PCB.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Friday, January 05th 2018, 06:27:25 AM. Fixtures are more suited for the flexible circuit boards as well as the fragile and thin PCBs. However, each new board design requires its custom fixture which can take between three and four days for a manufacturer to produce and deliver. As such, using fixtures can add up the costs and time to produce the PCBs.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, November 07th 2017, 00:10:46 AM. As you may have noticed, this is one of those annoying situations in which the pin configuration is the opposite of what you want: the DAC’s input pins move from bit 7 to bit 0 going downward, whereas the MCU’s output pins move from bit 7 to bit 0 going upward. I couldn’t remedy this by re-assigning the microcontroller pins because I wanted the data bits to correspond to the actual bits of the Port 2 register (so that I could write a full byte to the DAC without moving bits around). So I ended up with some awkward routing, but nothing terrible.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Monday, November 06th 2017, 04:29:01 AM. 2 wires. Servomechanisms are designed to move to a spot and hold it is position. They are not designed to spin continuously. Used to position print heads in ink jet printers, plotters, scanners. Travel at set speeds. Go to a spot and stop. When stopped and still turned on, will attempt to hold it is position. Forcing it to move in this position can damage the motor. Typically is controlled by a circuit board that counts shadows with an LED and light sensor or has a resistor that changes value depending upon position. Often zooms to one side when powered on to figure out where it is at.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, November 02nd 2017, 20:16:28 PM. Manufacturers can use fixtures or panels to secure or frame fragile, thin, or oddly shaped PCBs. This allows them to easily fit the boards in the standard assembly, reflow, or automatic inspection machines. In addition to handling the irregular boards, the technologies enable the simultaneous processing of multiple boards as opposed to working on each board individually, hence reducing the production time and costs.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, October 31st 2017, 22:07:54 PM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By Fleurette Nina. Motor Wiring. Published at Monday, October 30th 2017, 15:14:10 PM. Brushless outrunners are always built on a circuit board. This makes them cheaper. The circuit board for this CD motor has no electronics on it. A ribbon cable attaches 11 wires to another controller circuit board. But often the controller is built onto the same circuit board. The circuit boards interface with a controller in two ways.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, October 29th 2017, 19:30:59 PM. Positioning servomechanisms were first used in military fire-control and marine navigation equipment. Today servomechanisms are used in automatic machine tools, satellite-tracking antennas, remote control airplanes, automatic navigation systems on boats and planes, and antiaircraft-gun control systems. Other examples are fly-by-wire systems in aircraft which use servos to actuate the aircraft control surfaces, and radio-controlled models which use RC servos for the same purpose. Many autofocus cameras also use a servomechanism to accurately move the lens. A hard disk drive has a magnetic servo system with sub-micrometre positioning accuracy. In industrial machines, servos are used to perform complex motion, in many applications.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, October 28th 2017, 06:56:10 AM. It transmits engine power to the gearbox, and allows transmission to be interrupted while a gear is selected to move off from a stationary position, or when gears are changed while the car is moving. Master cylinder Operatinglinkage Slave cylinder Flywheel The mastercylinder pumpshydraulic fluidin direction ofthe arrow. Most cars use a friction clutch operated either by fluid (hydraulic) or, more commonly, by a cable. When a car is moving under power, the clutch is engaged. A pressure plate bolted to the flywheel exerts constant force, by means of a diaphragm spring, on the driven plate. Earlier cars have a series of coil springs at the back of the pressure plate, instead of a diaphragm spring.
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