By France Barbara. Car Wiring. Publised at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 13:30:03 PM. Also look for grommets that have come out of their holes. The sharp edge of the hole will soon chafe through wire insulation and cause a short circuit. Whenever you pull a connection apart, look for corrosion which might cause bad contact. If necessary, clean contacting metal surfaces with a fine file or emery cloth.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 02:25:46 AM. Automatic machines translate to added costs and some such as the depaneling router creates vibrations, noise, and vast amounts of dust. In addition, you need to hold the board firmly. Although laser cutting is precise and has less mechanical stress, it is capital intensive and only applicable to board thicknesses of around 1 mm.
By Fleurette Nina. Motor Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 01:13:26 AM. A unipolar stepper motor has one winding with center tap per phase. Each section of windings is switched on for each direction of magnetic field. Since in this arrangement a magnetic pole can be reversed without switching the direction of current, the commutation circuit can be made very simple (e.g., a single transistor) for each winding. Typically, given a phase, the center tap of each winding is made common: giving three leads per phase and six leads for a typical two phase motor. Often, these two phase commons are internally joined, so the motor has only five leads.
By France Barbara. Car Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 00:11:54 AM. Push the wire into the connector so that the strands just protrude from the round end. Grip the cable, connector uppermost, in a vice or self-locking pliers, so that the connector rests on top of the vice and cannot slide down the wire when soldering. Inside a bullet connector. Apply solder on the top of the connector, and let it melt and run down inside. Trim off the protruding strands with wire cutters.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 23:11:28 PM. After the retaining ring is removed, the entire assembly that spins can be removed. There may be some resistance that feels like removing magnets from each other. Underneath the cup of all outrunner brushless motors is a series of coils. On some motors, between the coils, are hall effect probes. Hall effect probes detect the spinning magnetic field and provide a pulse out of the brushless motors to the electronics. From this pulse the electronics can precisely control the speed of the motor
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 22:41:48 PM. Note that U4, a 10 MHz MEMS oscillator, is also very close to the microcontroller’s clock input pin. It’s always a good idea to minimize the length of traces carrying high-frequency digital signals. First of all, there are noise benefits: a shorter, more direct trace reduces the amount of noise that would otherwise be coupled into adjacent traces, and a shorter trace also reduces electromagnetic interference (EMI) because it is less effective as an antenna. The second issue is related to transmission-line effects. Minimizing trace length is a simple way to avoid problems related to signal reflections. However, reflection is not a significant concern at frequencies in the 10 MHz range, unless you are dealing with long interconnections or a very large PCB.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 22:26:36 PM. The tab-route or breakaway tab method is suitable for PCBs with either similar or different designs, or where it is not possible or practical to use the V-grooves. The designer leaves a perforated tabs routing space between the different or similar boards, hence allowing for separation after processing.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 21:11:16 PM. It’s always good to be cognizant of trace lengths when you’re laying out a parallel bus, though at moderate frequencies it is nothing to stress about. The propagation time for a signal traveling through a trace is maybe 150 picoseconds/inch. So if you have two traces with a length mismatch of one inch, one signal will arrive 150 ps after the other signal. If your signals are transitioning at a frequency whose corresponding period is much greater than 150 ps, this one-inch mismatch won’t cause problems. Even at 100 MHz (which is pretty fast for a parallel bus), the period is 10 ns, i.e., ~67 times larger than the time-of-arrival discrepancy for a one-inch mismatch.
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