By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 05:00:05 AM. Although this device uses an I2C interface with communication speeds up to 1 MHz, two of the eight pins are dedicated to Alert (pin3) and nReset (pin 6). The Alert pin is intended to be connected, if desired, to an interrupt pin on a microcontroller. According to section 3.5 (ALERT Pin) of the datasheet, "The output of the pin depends on the value of the temperature reading relative to programmable limits," and its function is "explained in a separate application note.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, September 24th 2017, 00:10:58 AM. To overcome these challenges, engineers may use SMT fixtures or the panelization techniques. Each of the two methods provides a carrier with standard dimensions and provisions for fitting, securing and supporting the irregular boards.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, September 23rd 2017, 20:20:29 PM. The outrunner is already the standard motor in laser printers, copy machines, fax machines, scanners, blue ray players, cd players, where a very precise, constant speed is needed. It is also found in model helicopters, RC airplanes and other variable speed applications where there are light weight requirements. It is totally different than all other motors.
By Fleurette Nina. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, September 21st 2017, 18:43:05 PM. Speed can be varied by either changing the voltage or pulsing the motor. Most computer controlled DC motors are pulsed. Pulses of a fixed voltage are sent to the motor, usually by an Electronic Speed Controller or ESC. A pulse of 1.5 ms causes no motion. Wider pulses cause faster spinning in one direction. Shorter pulses cause faster spinning in the opposite direction. Eventually, an overstressed ESC stops pulsing and turns one wire on and one wire off, depending on the direction.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, September 17th 2017, 03:23:46 AM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, September 16th 2017, 00:10:12 AM. Panelization is the arranging of arrays of multiple PCBs onto a single substrate that fits in the standard processing machine. A panel may hold multiple boards with similar or different sizes and shapes. This method is faster and less costly compared to the fixtures, which require a custom carrier for every new PCB design.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, September 14th 2017, 20:19:13 PM. Brushed DC motors rotate continuously when DC voltage is applied to their terminals. The stepper motor is known by its property to convert a train of input pulses (typically square wave pulses) into a precisely defined increment in the shaft position. Each pulse moves the shaft through a fixed angle. Stepper motors effectively have multiple "toothed" electromagnets arranged around a central gear-shaped piece of iron. The electromagnets are energized by an external driver circuit or a micro controller. To make the motor shaft turn, first, one electromagnet is given power, which magnetically attracts the gear teeth. When the gear teeth are aligned to the first electromagnet, they are slightly offset from the next electromagnet.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Monday, September 11th 2017, 19:50:47 PM. Variable speed motors do not necessary have the hall effect probes. The electronics in the ESC pulses the motor to tell it is initial direction and some other feed back system humans using RC or an autopilot reading accelerometers or gyros adjusts the speed.
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