By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Publised at Monday, January 08th 2018, 17:17:00 PM. Joins in individual wires are usually made with crimp connectors. The colour on the sleeve of a connector denotes the size of wire it will take. The bared ends of each wire are pushed into opposite ends of the metal-lined plastic sleeve, and squeezed with crimping pliers. There are multiple sleeves or other special connectors where a wire branches off.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 21:36:39 PM. The decoupling capacitors (C4, C5, C6, C7, C9, C10, C11) are arranged around the perimeter of the chip, very close to their respective power pins and to the vias that connect the caps to the internal planes. Notice how the smaller cap is always closer to the power pin; this is because we rely more on the lower-value capacitor for high-frequency bypassing, and thus the first priority is minimizing the inductance and resistance between the smaller cap and the pin.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 21:29:40 PM. As you may have noticed, this is one of those annoying situations in which the pin configuration is the opposite of what you want: the DAC’s input pins move from bit 7 to bit 0 going downward, whereas the MCU’s output pins move from bit 7 to bit 0 going upward. I couldn’t remedy this by re-assigning the microcontroller pins because I wanted the data bits to correspond to the actual bits of the Port 2 register (so that I could write a full byte to the DAC without moving bits around). So I ended up with some awkward routing, but nothing terrible.
By Claudine Nicolette. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 21:14:12 PM. There are different panelization and de-panelization methods depending on the application of the PCB, thickness, shape, component layout, type of edges, and other factors. The two popular methods are the V-groove panelization and the breakaway tab panelization. Each of these uses a different method to separate the boards from the main array and has its advantages and limitations.
By Olivier Constance. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 20:07:50 PM. A micro controller or stepper motor controller can be used to activate the drive transistors in the right order, and this ease of operation makes unipolar motors popular with hobbyists; they are probably the cheapest way to get precise angular movements. For the experimenter, the windings can be identified by touching the terminal wires together in PM motors. If the terminals of a coil are connected, the shaft becomes harder to turn.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 19:22:21 PM. Also look for grommets that have come out of their holes. The sharp edge of the hole will soon chafe through wire insulation and cause a short circuit. Whenever you pull a connection apart, look for corrosion which might cause bad contact. If necessary, clean contacting metal surfaces with a fine file or emery cloth.
By Gaspard Magalie. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 17:50:11 PM. It’s always good to be cognizant of trace lengths when you’re laying out a parallel bus, though at moderate frequencies it is nothing to stress about. The propagation time for a signal traveling through a trace is maybe 150 picoseconds/inch. So if you have two traces with a length mismatch of one inch, one signal will arrive 150 ps after the other signal. If your signals are transitioning at a frequency whose corresponding period is much greater than 150 ps, this one-inch mismatch won’t cause problems. Even at 100 MHz (which is pretty fast for a parallel bus), the period is 10 ns, i.e., ~67 times larger than the time-of-arrival discrepancy for a one-inch mismatch.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 17:40:13 PM. If possible, use an insulated in-line crimp connector. Test each mended wire with a circuit tester and battery, connected to the nearest connectors either side of the mend. Re-wrap the exposed section of the loom with self-adhesive or "clingfilm" PVC insulating tape. Put some layers between the exposed section and adjoining wires - not merely a cover over the top - then fit the loom back into the car. Reconnect all terminals and clips, then test all the electrical components involved.
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