By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Publised at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 11:30:31 AM. STARTER SOLENOID "Relay" — All cars are wired so that the batterys main cable connects to the starter motor windings "the thick cable is needed for large current flow, right?". This wire must be switched on and off, of course, and it would be costly and inefficient to route it through the ignition switch "not to mention the size of the switchs components required to carry such current!". Consequently, a relay is necessary.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 11:30:31 AM. Even if only one wire has overheated, inspect all the others to make sure their insulation is not damaged. Before cutting out damaged wires, make sure that the colour coding is the same at each end of the damaged section of each wire, and that it is not so discoloured that it is unrecognisable. If there is any chance of confusion, label both ends.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 10:45:09 AM. Note that U4, a 10 MHz MEMS oscillator, is also very close to the microcontroller’s clock input pin. It’s always a good idea to minimize the length of traces carrying high-frequency digital signals. First of all, there are noise benefits: a shorter, more direct trace reduces the amount of noise that would otherwise be coupled into adjacent traces, and a shorter trace also reduces electromagnetic interference (EMI) because it is less effective as an antenna. The second issue is related to transmission-line effects. Minimizing trace length is a simple way to avoid problems related to signal reflections. However, reflection is not a significant concern at frequencies in the 10 MHz range, unless you are dealing with long interconnections or a very large PCB.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 10:09:08 AM. STARTER MOTOR — This is a powerful electric motor that engages the cars flywheel in order to spin the crankshaft. As in all electric motors, the starter is composed of windings of wire that form loops, ending at the commutator segments "remember these from the generator". The armature coils are mounted on the motors central shaftsupported with bearings and the field coils are formed into four or more "shoes", placed inside the steel frame of the starter.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 10:08:52 AM. Parts of the motor are often attached to a circuit board. Magnets are attached on the inside of the can that spins with the shaft .. sort of like a spinning umbrella. All brushless motors have a spinning umbrella. Inside the umbrella is a permanent magnet. It looks like one continuous round magnet. However it is more like series of magnets.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 07:48:26 AM. The fixture should support the board and prevent distortion as the board goes through the printing, component placement, and reflow processes. Its construction should ensure adequate protection for the bottom side components during the double-sided reflow process.
By Fleurette Nina. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 05:54:53 AM. This means that when the next electromagnet is turned on and the first is turned off, the gear rotates slightly to align with the next one. From there the process is repeated. Each of those rotations is called a "step", with an integer number of steps making a full rotation. In that way, the motor can be turned by a precise angle.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 05:52:53 AM. However, the SMT components and the traces must be at least 3.00 mm from the perforation holes. This prevents the damage to the PCB or components which can occur due to surface stress and splinter when separating the boards. One drawback with this method is that it may leave some unwanted board protrusions on the edges.
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