By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 05:00:05 AM. Since the finite-impulse-response (FIR) filtering is a common operation in DSP, we will continue our discussion based on examining the difference equation of an FIR filter. This simple example will show the typical properties of many DSP algorithms. After reviewing the problem of handling the incoming samples, we will discuss the circular buffering as an efficient solution to the problem.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 22:26:36 PM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 21:11:16 PM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 17:25:19 PM. V-groove panelization involves cutting a third of the board’s thickness from the top and bottom sides. The remaining part joins the separate boards and is then cut with a machine during the depaneling. This helps to reduce the stress on the PCB. One challenge with the V-groove method is that it is restrictive and cannot be used with PCBs that have overhanging components over the edges.
By France Barbara. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 11:07:30 AM. This means that when the next electromagnet is turned on and the first is turned off, the gear rotates slightly to align with the next one. From there the process is repeated. Each of those rotations is called a "step", with an integer number of steps making a full rotation. In that way, the motor can be turned by a precise angle.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 07:42:08 AM. Bipolar motors have a single winding per phase. The current in a winding needs to be reversed in order to reverse a magnetic pole, so the driving circuit must be more complicated, typically with an H-bridge arrangement "however there are several off-the-shelf driver chips available to make this a simple affair". There are two leads per phase, none are common.Static friction effects using an H-bridge have been observed with certain drive topologies.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 05:19:37 AM. Speed control via a governor is another type of servomechanism. The steam engine uses mechanical governors; another early application was to govern the speed of water wheels. Prior to World War II the constant speed propeller was developed to control engine speed for maneuvering aircraft. Fuel controls for gas turbine engines employ either hydromechanical or electronic governing.
By Dorian Yannic. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 04:44:25 AM. 3 wires. Brushless motors are more expensive than dc brushed motors. Lots of PC fans are brushless motors. The motor that drives the paper path in laser printers is brushless. They are build differently than servo or brushed motors. There are no places where metal is rubbing against metal. Brushless motors will last longer, spin faster, help batteries last longer. They have three wires instead of two. There are two types: inrunner and outrunner.
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