By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:42:26 AM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Publised at Friday, January 05th 2018, 09:37:00 AM. A micro controller or stepper motor controller can be used to activate the drive transistors in the right order, and this ease of operation makes unipolar motors popular with hobbyists; they are probably the cheapest way to get precise angular movements. For the experimenter, the windings can be identified by touching the terminal wires together in PM motors. If the terminals of a coil are connected, the shaft becomes harder to turn.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Publised at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 14:42:03 PM. Wires and bundles of wires are clipped to the bodywork to keep them out of the way. Where they run through a hole, the sharp edges are lined with a rubber grommet. Sometimes the loom is divided into sections joined by multi-pin plugs and sockets, so that it can be removed and refitted section by section.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Monday, January 08th 2018, 01:11:52 AM. Servo motors are usually mounted on a circuit board. Some have two wires traveling to the circuit board much like between a DC motor and ESC. Attached to the board are wires for motor power and again three wires going to the arduino, the same three wires mentioned above.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Motor Wiring. Published at Monday, January 08th 2018, 00:31:27 AM. The two wires of the brushed dc motor can be thought of as forward and reverse. The three wires of brushless can be thought of as 1, 2 and 3. Going forward would be this sequence 1-2, 2-3, 3-1, 1-2, etc. Going backwards would be 1-3, 3-2, 2-1, 1-3, etc. What this means is that one third of the motor is helping maintain momentum while another third is pulling the motor in a new direction.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 08th 2018, 00:13:06 AM. When implementing a real-time system, we find a circular buffer critical whether we are using a DSP processor or a general purpose processor (GPP). However, with a GPP we may have to implement the circular buffer in software. As discussed in the previous section, with each new sample, we have to update the pointer which contains the address of the newest sample. With a circular buffer implemented in software, the programmer needs to take care of updating the buffer pointers after each read and write operation. When the pointer reaches the end of the buffer, the program must wrap the pointer back to the beginning of the buffer.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 15:18:23 PM. Also look for grommets that have come out of their holes. The sharp edge of the hole will soon chafe through wire insulation and cause a short circuit. Whenever you pull a connection apart, look for corrosion which might cause bad contact. If necessary, clean contacting metal surfaces with a fine file or emery cloth.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 06:36:16 AM. The arduino sends pulses to the servo motor much like sending them to an ESC. The pulses have a different meaning. The pulses describe a spot to go to. Within the servo there is a feedback mechanism that counts shadows or turns a variable resistor. The servo circuit board then moves the servo to that spot. It knows when it has reached the spot when a certain number of shadows have past or when the resistance reaches a certain value. The arduino has to keep sending the same position over and over again to hold the motor in a current spot. Short pulses go one direction, long pulses the opposite direction, medium pulse widths go to the middle. Middle is typically 1.5 milli seconds.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 03:35:16 AM. Also look for grommets that have come out of their holes. The sharp edge of the hole will soon chafe through wire insulation and cause a short circuit. Whenever you pull a connection apart, look for corrosion which might cause bad contact. If necessary, clean contacting metal surfaces with a fine file or emery cloth.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 03:33:53 AM. However, the SMT components and the traces must be at least 3.00 mm from the perforation holes. This prevents the damage to the PCB or components which can occur due to surface stress and splinter when separating the boards. One drawback with this method is that it may leave some unwanted board protrusions on the edges.
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