By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Saturday, September 30th 2017, 19:13:18 PM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 13:07:39 PM. Servomotors are used for both high-end and low-end applications. On the high end are precision industrial components that use a rotary encoder. On the low end are inexpensive radio control servos (RC servos) used in radio-controlled models which use a free-running motor and a simple potentiometer position sensor with an embedded controller. The term servomotor generally refers to a high-end industrial component while the term servo is most often used to describe the inexpensive devices that employ a potentiometer. Stepper motors are not considered to be servomotors, although they too are used to construct larger servomechanisms. Stepper motors have inherent angular positioning, owing to their construction, and this is generally used in an open-loop manner without feedback. They are generally used for medium-precision applications.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:42:26 AM. However, the SMT components and the traces must be at least 3.00 mm from the perforation holes. This prevents the damage to the PCB or components which can occur due to surface stress and splinter when separating the boards. One drawback with this method is that it may leave some unwanted board protrusions on the edges.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 11:28:42 AM. SMT fixtures are rigid PCB carriers that allow manufacturers to load single or multiple irregular boards, and then take them through the standard processing machines. This makes it possible to carry out tasks such as automatic mounting of electronic components, infra-red reflow soldering, wave soldering, automatic testing, etc.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 09:22:32 AM. Since the finite-impulse-response (FIR) filtering is a common operation in DSP, we will continue our discussion based on examining the difference equation of an FIR filter. This simple example will show the typical properties of many DSP algorithms. After reviewing the problem of handling the incoming samples, we will discuss the circular buffering as an efficient solution to the problem.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 08:37:15 AM. Joins in individual wires are usually made with crimp connectors. The colour on the sleeve of a connector denotes the size of wire it will take. The bared ends of each wire are pushed into opposite ends of the metal-lined plastic sleeve, and squeezed with crimping pliers. There are multiple sleeves or other special connectors where a wire branches off.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 08:31:27 AM. The tab-route or breakaway tab method is suitable for PCBs with either similar or different designs, or where it is not possible or practical to use the V-grooves. The designer leaves a perforated tabs routing space between the different or similar boards, hence allowing for separation after processing.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 06:55:37 AM. Wires are usually connected to components by plastic-covered terminals which push on to a blade on the unit called a spade terminal. Nearly all types of terminals should be fitted to the wire with crimping pliers. There are a few types such as the "Scotchlok" which are secured by clips. For additional security, you can add solder to the wire.
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