By France Barbara. Motor Wiring. Publised at Saturday, December 02nd 2017, 17:02:52 PM. Speed can be varied by either changing the voltage or pulsing the motor. Most computer controlled DC motors are pulsed. Pulses of a fixed voltage are sent to the motor, usually by an Electronic Speed Controller or ESC. A pulse of 1.5 ms causes no motion. Wider pulses cause faster spinning in one direction. Shorter pulses cause faster spinning in the opposite direction. Eventually, an overstressed ESC stops pulsing and turns one wire on and one wire off, depending on the direction.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 00:08:27 AM. Starter motors fail mostly due to overheating. They are placed in a hostile, hot environment and cannot be expected to last indefinitely. Another mode of failure is a shorted or open winding. This exhibits itself as a "dead spot" on the commutator. If a brush lands on a dead spot the motor wont turn at all. A third failure-mode is a faulty pinion engagement. Sometimes the pinion assembly gets stiff or stuck due to lack of lubrication or wear. Starter motor rebuilding or replacement is required for all of these problems.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 21:36:39 PM. Manual removal of the tabs depends on the design and thickness of the board. Extra care is required since using some tools such as the hook-shaped blade to break the solid tabs between the boards can be challenging and inefficient. For example, if the blade rotates within the small clearance between the boards, it can easily take a bite out of the useful part of the PCB. Also, taping the blade-cutting edge leaves a small part of the tab protruding from the board.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 21:29:40 PM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By Claudine Nicolette. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 21:14:12 PM. PCBs with SMT on both sides and those with mixed TH and SMTs may start to flex and bow when in the reflow oven or selective soldering machine. For this reason, the maximum size for this type of board is usually smaller than the single-sided. Breaking out the boards manually can stress the board and components near the edges, the solder joints, or leave out rough stubs on the edges
By Olivier Constance. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 20:07:50 PM. They are not controlled through a circuit board or ESC. They have to be connected to the arduino through a motor shield or custom built circuit. They are typically the most expensive. Stepper motors can have 4, 5, 6, or 8 wires. To use them with the arduino, understanding the internal wiring is absolutely necessary. The best way to learn the internal wiring is to assume no manual exists, and "discover" the internal wiring.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 19:22:21 PM. Also look for grommets that have come out of their holes. The sharp edge of the hole will soon chafe through wire insulation and cause a short circuit. Whenever you pull a connection apart, look for corrosion which might cause bad contact. If necessary, clean contacting metal surfaces with a fine file or emery cloth.
By Gaspard Magalie. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 17:50:11 PM. You can see how all the power supply connections use large traces or copper pours. The AWG doesn’t have high current requirements, but the board house doesn’t give you a discount for using less copper, so you might as well opt for large (= low-resistance, low-inductance) traces if you have the room.
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