By France Barbara. Motor Wiring. Publised at Saturday, December 02nd 2017, 17:02:52 PM. Brushed DC motors rotate continuously when DC voltage is applied to their terminals. The stepper motor is known by its property to convert a train of input pulses (typically square wave pulses) into a precisely defined increment in the shaft position. Each pulse moves the shaft through a fixed angle. Stepper motors effectively have multiple "toothed" electromagnets arranged around a central gear-shaped piece of iron. The electromagnets are energized by an external driver circuit or a micro controller. To make the motor shaft turn, first, one electromagnet is given power, which magnetically attracts the gear teeth. When the gear teeth are aligned to the first electromagnet, they are slightly offset from the next electromagnet.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, February 15th 2018, 15:47:15 PM. V-groove panelization involves cutting a third of the board’s thickness from the top and bottom sides. The remaining part joins the separate boards and is then cut with a machine during the depaneling. This helps to reduce the stress on the PCB. One challenge with the V-groove method is that it is restrictive and cannot be used with PCBs that have overhanging components over the edges.
By Dorian Yannic. Motor Wiring. Published at Wednesday, February 14th 2018, 23:45:01 PM. A common type of servo provides position control. Commonly, servos are electrical, hydraulic or pneumatic. They operate on the principle of negative feedback, where the control input is compared to the actual position of the mechanical system as measured by some sort of transducer at the output. Any difference between the actual and wanted values (an "error signal") is amplified (and converted) and used to drive the system in the direction necessary to reduce or eliminate the error. This procedure is one widely used application of control theory. Typical servos can give a rotary (angular) or linear output.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Wednesday, February 14th 2018, 19:26:51 PM. Twist the bare ends together, then use pliers to press the twisted section into a compact shape. Solder the wires together so that they cannot be pulled apart, using only a little solder to avoid making the joint bulky. Wind insulating tape in a spiral over the joint.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Published at Wednesday, February 14th 2018, 13:54:05 PM. Label wires before cutting them when working on a section of the loom. Before you disconnect anything, make absolutely sure you know how to put it back. Number both sides of each connection with labels made of masking tape. If necessary, make drawings of cable routes and how clips fit. Use a craft knife or razor blade to cut away the wrapping from the damaged section. Take care not to cut into the plastic cable insulation.
By Claudine Nicolette. Motor Wiring. Published at Wednesday, February 14th 2018, 13:26:18 PM. An additional limitation, often comparable to the effects of inductance, is the back-EMF of the motor. As the motor rotor turns, a sinusoidal voltage is generated proportional to the speed (step rate). This AC voltage is subtracted from the voltage waveform available to induce a change in the current.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Wednesday, February 14th 2018, 07:06:57 AM. Starter motors fail mostly due to overheating. They are placed in a hostile, hot environment and cannot be expected to last indefinitely. Another mode of failure is a shorted or open winding. This exhibits itself as a "dead spot" on the commutator. If a brush lands on a dead spot the motor wont turn at all. A third failure-mode is a faulty pinion engagement. Sometimes the pinion assembly gets stiff or stuck due to lack of lubrication or wear. Starter motor rebuilding or replacement is required for all of these problems.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Motor Wiring. Published at Wednesday, February 14th 2018, 06:58:56 AM. A unipolar stepper motor has one winding with center tap per phase. Each section of windings is switched on for each direction of magnetic field. Since in this arrangement a magnetic pole can be reversed without switching the direction of current, the commutation circuit can be made very simple (e.g., a single transistor) for each winding. Typically, given a phase, the center tap of each winding is made common: giving three leads per phase and six leads for a typical two phase motor. Often, these two phase commons are internally joined, so the motor has only five leads.
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