By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Publised at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 14:38:48 PM. Relays are devices that utilize a central iron core fitted closely to the inside of a coil of wire. When the wire is energized the iron core will be drawn down the length of the coil, the direction dependent upon the direction of current flow. If the relays iron core is fitted with large, high current-carrying contacts it can be used as a high-current switch. Relays are used throughout cars for horns, electric fans, air conditioning clutches, etc. and the most important one is the starter solenoid.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Publised at Friday, January 12th 2018, 07:48:11 AM. This system uses a metal wire embedded underneath the road as a guide for the battery powered vehicles. This wire is flexible enough to be used on straights, curves and hills. The vehicles are fitted with a motorised chassis and rechargeable battery which pushes the vehicle forwards via a small motor and gear arrangement, following the guide wire. The magnet offset to one side on the chassis is what activates the various additional modules (more on those later).
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Publised at Thursday, February 22nd 2018, 02:59:45 AM. Brushes are used to create electrical contact to the commutator segments and when current is fed into two of the four brushes, it flows through all the loops of the armature and shoe windings and out the other two brushes. This creates a magnetic field around each loop. As the armature turns, the loop will move to a position where the current flow reverses. This constant reversal of current flow allows the armature and field coils to repel each other and spin the motor. The greater the current flowing in the coils, the greater the magnetic forces, and the greater the power of the motor.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, September 14th 2017, 20:19:13 PM. A micro controller or stepper motor controller can be used to activate the drive transistors in the right order, and this ease of operation makes unipolar motors popular with hobbyists; they are probably the cheapest way to get precise angular movements. For the experimenter, the windings can be identified by touching the terminal wires together in PM motors. If the terminals of a coil are connected, the shaft becomes harder to turn.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Monday, September 11th 2017, 19:50:47 PM. Outrunners and inrunners both use the same ESC. This ESC is different than that of the brushed DC motor. There are three wires going to the motor instead of two. The wiring between the ESC and the Arduino consists if the same 5 wires. The three wires give the brushless motors more pulling power. Understanding this helps understand stepper motors below.
By Fleurette Nina. Motor Wiring. Published at Sunday, September 10th 2017, 11:18:59 AM. After the retaining ring is removed, the entire assembly that spins can be removed. There may be some resistance that feels like removing magnets from each other. Underneath the cup of all outrunner brushless motors is a series of coils. On some motors, between the coils, are hall effect probes. Hall effect probes detect the spinning magnetic field and provide a pulse out of the brushless motors to the electronics. From this pulse the electronics can precisely control the speed of the motor
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, September 09th 2017, 08:13:56 AM. Speed can be varied by either changing the voltage or pulsing the motor. Most computer controlled DC motors are pulsed. Pulses of a fixed voltage are sent to the motor, usually by an Electronic Speed Controller or ESC. A pulse of 1.5 ms causes no motion. Wider pulses cause faster spinning in one direction. Shorter pulses cause faster spinning in the opposite direction. Eventually, an overstressed ESC stops pulsing and turns one wire on and one wire off, depending on the direction.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, September 06th 2017, 04:45:11 AM. The fixture should support the board and prevent distortion as the board goes through the printing, component placement, and reflow processes. Its construction should ensure adequate protection for the bottom side components during the double-sided reflow process.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, September 05th 2017, 03:51:19 AM. This IC is available only in an 8-pin dual-flat no-leads (DFN) package, measuring a scant 2.5mm × 2.5mm with a tiny thickness of only 0.9mm. There is also, in addition to the eight pins, a thermal pad that is connected to ground (see image below).
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, September 02nd 2017, 03:47:50 AM. Processing irregular and fragile PCBs in standard assembly machines is often a challenge. Due to their non-standard dimensions, the oddly shaped, thin, or fragile boards do not fit properly in the reflow, component placement, or other standard processing machines. Lack of adequate support and alignment may strain, bend or damage the fragile boards as they go through the processing system. In addition, this may impact the accuracy of the process.
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