By Olivier Constance. Motor Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, January 03rd 2018, 00:16:48 AM. Stepper motor performance is strongly dependent on the driver circuit. Torque curves may be extended to greater speeds if the stator poles can be reversed more quickly, the limiting factor being a combination of the winding inductance. To overcome the inductance and switch the windings quickly, one must increase the drive voltage. This leads further to the necessity of limiting the current that these high voltages may otherwise induce.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 14:41:34 PM. An additional limitation, often comparable to the effects of inductance, is the back-EMF of the motor. As the motor rotor turns, a sinusoidal voltage is generated proportional to the speed (step rate). This AC voltage is subtracted from the voltage waveform available to induce a change in the current.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 13:12:01 PM. Solder the wire to the connector with just enough solder to secure all the strands. Let the connector cool before sliding the cover back. Fitting a bullet connector. Remove insulation with a wire stripper. Use a wire stripper to remove about 3/8 in. (10 mm) of insulation from the end of the wire.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 12:49:27 PM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 12:00:38 PM. You can also see that I’ve made it very easy for heat to move away from the regulator (U1) and into the ambient environment or into other portions of the PCB. U1’s thermal tab is connected to a large copper pour, and this copper pour is shot through with vias that conduct heat down to the internal ground plane. If I were really worried about thermal issues I could also connect these vias to a copper pour on the bottom side of the board, but in this case, it would have been total overkill.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 11:51:08 AM. With all those things to worry about, many enthusiasts overlook the electrical wiring system. A lousy wiring job will keep your electrical accessories from operating at full potential—and that means subpar performance. Many people are intimidated by the prospect of wiring a vehicle. But a proper wiring job doesn’t have to be a scary task—we’ve put together a few tips to help make the job a little bit smoother.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 10:24:51 AM. The datasheet states (see image below) that this IC—specifically the CMOSens® technology that it uses—is "designed for mass production." Umm, should not this go without saying? I have seen datasheets state "not recommended for new designs," but I do not ever recall seeing one that specifies that the IC, or its underlying technology, is designed for mass production. This benefit makes me question if Sensirion has other ICs that are in fact not designed for mass production. It is all a bit puzzling. Have you seen other IC datasheets call this out? If so, please let us know.
By Gaspard Magalie. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 01st 2018, 07:06:16 AM. Note that U4, a 10 MHz MEMS oscillator, is also very close to the microcontroller’s clock input pin. It’s always a good idea to minimize the length of traces carrying high-frequency digital signals. First of all, there are noise benefits: a shorter, more direct trace reduces the amount of noise that would otherwise be coupled into adjacent traces, and a shorter trace also reduces electromagnetic interference (EMI) because it is less effective as an antenna. The second issue is related to transmission-line effects. Minimizing trace length is a simple way to avoid problems related to signal reflections. However, reflection is not a significant concern at frequencies in the 10 MHz range, unless you are dealing with long interconnections or a very large PCB.
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