By Claudine Nicolette. Motor Wiring. Publised at Thursday, January 11th 2018, 07:00:17 AM. A stepper motor is a polyphase AC synchronous motor (see Theory below), and it is ideally driven by sinusoidal current. A full-step waveform is a gross approximation of a sinusoid, and is the reason why the motor exhibits so much vibration. Various drive techniques have been developed to better approximate a sinusoidal drive waveform: these are half stepping and microstepping.
By Fleurette Nina. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, February 22nd 2018, 01:17:06 AM. What is commonly referred to as microstepping is often sine–cosine microstepping in which the winding current approximates a sinusoidal AC waveform. Sine–cosine microstepping is the most common form, but other waveforms can be used. Regardless of the waveform used, as the microsteps become smaller, motor operation becomes more smooth, thereby greatly reducing resonance in any parts the motor may be connected to, as well as the motor itself. Resolution will be limited by the mechanical stiction, backlash, and other sources of error between the motor and the end device. Gear reducers may be used to increase resolution of positioning.
By Claudine Nicolette. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, February 21st 2018, 18:29:47 PM. digital signal processor is a specialized microprocessor for the kind of algorithms employed in digital signal processing (DSP). The main goal is to accelerate the calculations while keeping the power consumption as low as possible. In this article, we review a basic addressing capability of DSP processors, i.e. circular buffering, which allows us to significantly accelerate the data transfer in a real-time system. Please note that since the acronym “DSP” stands for both “digital signal processing” and “digital signal processor," we will use the term “DSP processor” when referring to the hardware rather than the algorithm.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, February 21st 2018, 03:38:10 AM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 23:10:55 PM. When implementing a real-time system, we find a circular buffer critical whether we are using a DSP processor or a general purpose processor (GPP). However, with a GPP we may have to implement the circular buffer in software. As discussed in the previous section, with each new sample, we have to update the pointer which contains the address of the newest sample. With a circular buffer implemented in software, the programmer needs to take care of updating the buffer pointers after each read and write operation. When the pointer reaches the end of the buffer, the program must wrap the pointer back to the beginning of the buffer.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 09:35:38 AM. Faller also produce lots individual vehicles to add to your road way including Cars, Tractors, Lorries and Buses. These vehicles all use the same power supply to charge the batteries so while a couple of vehicles are running around you could have one on charge ready to go for next time.In addition to vehicles, Faller has produced lots of accessory modules to create life on the roads. These include Bus Stops, Traffic lights, Stop sections and branch off sections. Most are available in both N and OO/HO Scales.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 06:15:41 AM. Stepper motor performance is strongly dependent on the driver circuit. Torque curves may be extended to greater speeds if the stator poles can be reversed more quickly, the limiting factor being a combination of the winding inductance. To overcome the inductance and switch the windings quickly, one must increase the drive voltage. This leads further to the necessity of limiting the current that these high voltages may otherwise induce.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 03:43:49 AM. In a demanding application, we may not have the time to continuously check the pointers to see if they have reached the end of the buffer and wrap them back to the beginning of the buffer when necessary. As a result, a DSP processor uses dedicated hardware to provide some fast circular buffers.This hardware implementation automatically checks the status of the pointers and updates them accordingly.
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