By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, November 22nd 2017, 13:04:57 PM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Sunday, February 11th 2018, 00:47:29 AM. There are different panelization and de-panelization methods depending on the application of the PCB, thickness, shape, component layout, type of edges, and other factors. The two popular methods are the V-groove panelization and the breakaway tab panelization. Each of these uses a different method to separate the boards from the main array and has its advantages and limitations.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Monday, February 19th 2018, 05:58:07 AM. This IC is available only in an 8-pin dual-flat no-leads (DFN) package, measuring a scant 2.5mm × 2.5mm with a tiny thickness of only 0.9mm. There is also, in addition to the eight pins, a thermal pad that is connected to ground (see image below).
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 02:35:05 AM. With all those things to worry about, many enthusiasts overlook the electrical wiring system. A lousy wiring job will keep your electrical accessories from operating at full potential—and that means subpar performance. Many people are intimidated by the prospect of wiring a vehicle. But a proper wiring job doesn’t have to be a scary task—we’ve put together a few tips to help make the job a little bit smoother.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 02:24:21 AM. What is commonly referred to as microstepping is often sine–cosine microstepping in which the winding current approximates a sinusoidal AC waveform. Sine–cosine microstepping is the most common form, but other waveforms can be used. Regardless of the waveform used, as the microsteps become smaller, motor operation becomes more smooth, thereby greatly reducing resonance in any parts the motor may be connected to, as well as the motor itself. Resolution will be limited by the mechanical stiction, backlash, and other sources of error between the motor and the end device. Gear reducers may be used to increase resolution of positioning.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 02:18:13 AM. Push the wire into the connector so that the strands just protrude from the round end. Grip the cable, connector uppermost, in a vice or self-locking pliers, so that the connector rests on top of the vice and cannot slide down the wire when soldering. Inside a bullet connector. Apply solder on the top of the connector, and let it melt and run down inside. Trim off the protruding strands with wire cutters.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 01:57:12 AM. To overcome these challenges, engineers may use SMT fixtures or the panelization techniques. Each of the two methods provides a carrier with standard dimensions and provisions for fitting, securing and supporting the irregular boards.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 23:57:56 PM. The tab-route or breakaway tab method is suitable for PCBs with either similar or different designs, or where it is not possible or practical to use the V-grooves. The designer leaves a perforated tabs routing space between the different or similar boards, hence allowing for separation after processing.
By Claudine Nicolette. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 20:04:12 PM. Dithering the stepper signal at a higher frequency than the motor can respond to will reduce this "static friction" effect. Because windings are better utilized, they are more powerful than a unipolar motor of the same weight. This is due to the physical space occupied by the windings.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 20:02:39 PM. But it is better to replace the terminal once corrosion has destroyed the surface coating. Making repairs to the loom Use a circuit tester to check if single wires are damaged. The wiring loom itself seldom goes wrong, but after other repairs have been made, a cable may be trapped and its insulation cut through, causing a short circuit.
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