By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Publised at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 10:09:08 AM. Relays are devices that utilize a central iron core fitted closely to the inside of a coil of wire. When the wire is energized the iron core will be drawn down the length of the coil, the direction dependent upon the direction of current flow. If the relays iron core is fitted with large, high current-carrying contacts it can be used as a high-current switch. Relays are used throughout cars for horns, electric fans, air conditioning clutches, etc. and the most important one is the starter solenoid.
By Mailys Laurent. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 18:31:04 PM. STARTER MOTOR — This is a powerful electric motor that engages the cars flywheel in order to spin the crankshaft. As in all electric motors, the starter is composed of windings of wire that form loops, ending at the commutator segments "remember these from the generator". The armature coils are mounted on the motors central shaftsupported with bearings and the field coils are formed into four or more "shoes", placed inside the steel frame of the starter.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 14:47:47 PM. Push the wire into the connector so that the strands just protrude from the round end. Grip the cable, connector uppermost, in a vice or self-locking pliers, so that the connector rests on top of the vice and cannot slide down the wire when soldering. Inside a bullet connector. Apply solder on the top of the connector, and let it melt and run down inside. Trim off the protruding strands with wire cutters.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 12:13:08 PM. Manufacturers can use fixtures or panels to secure or frame fragile, thin, or oddly shaped PCBs. This allows them to easily fit the boards in the standard assembly, reflow, or automatic inspection machines. In addition to handling the irregular boards, the technologies enable the simultaneous processing of multiple boards as opposed to working on each board individually, hence reducing the production time and costs.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 11:51:25 AM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 11:15:02 AM. A stepper motor is a polyphase AC synchronous motor (see Theory below), and it is ideally driven by sinusoidal current. A full-step waveform is a gross approximation of a sinusoid, and is the reason why the motor exhibits so much vibration. Various drive techniques have been developed to better approximate a sinusoidal drive waveform: these are half stepping and microstepping.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 10:25:56 AM. The motor can be directly pulsed by the arduino. The arduino can also supply power to the motor, but normally this is only a good idea for demonstration purposes. The arduino has a very weak power supply, and attempting to power a motor through it can destroy the arduino. Furthermore, the arduino may not be able to supply the exact correct maximum voltage. For this reason, an ESC is placed between the arduino and the motor.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 09:37:00 AM. A micro controller or stepper motor controller can be used to activate the drive transistors in the right order, and this ease of operation makes unipolar motors popular with hobbyists; they are probably the cheapest way to get precise angular movements. For the experimenter, the windings can be identified by touching the terminal wires together in PM motors. If the terminals of a coil are connected, the shaft becomes harder to turn.
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