By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, November 22nd 2017, 13:04:57 PM. Panelization is the arranging of arrays of multiple PCBs onto a single substrate that fits in the standard processing machine. A panel may hold multiple boards with similar or different sizes and shapes. This method is faster and less costly compared to the fixtures, which require a custom carrier for every new PCB design.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Sunday, February 11th 2018, 00:47:29 AM. The datasheet goes on to say that "the nRESET pin is internally connected to VDD with a pull up resistor of 50 kΩ." So... why are there two options for how to configure the nReset pin when it is not being used? Why not just recommend that it should be left floating (since it is already pulled high internally)? And, if there are indeed technical reasons for when the pin should be externally pulled up to VDD (for better noise immunity, as an example) then let us know what those technical reasons are.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Monday, February 19th 2018, 05:58:07 AM. The decoupling capacitors (C4, C5, C6, C7, C9, C10, C11) are arranged around the perimeter of the chip, very close to their respective power pins and to the vias that connect the caps to the internal planes. Notice how the smaller cap is always closer to the power pin; this is because we rely more on the lower-value capacitor for high-frequency bypassing, and thus the first priority is minimizing the inductance and resistance between the smaller cap and the pin.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 11:45:40 AM. SMT fixtures are rigid PCB carriers that allow manufacturers to load single or multiple irregular boards, and then take them through the standard processing machines. This makes it possible to carry out tasks such as automatic mounting of electronic components, infra-red reflow soldering, wave soldering, automatic testing, etc.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 10:58:16 AM. It’s always good to be cognizant of trace lengths when you’re laying out a parallel bus, though at moderate frequencies it is nothing to stress about. The propagation time for a signal traveling through a trace is maybe 150 picoseconds/inch. So if you have two traces with a length mismatch of one inch, one signal will arrive 150 ps after the other signal. If your signals are transitioning at a frequency whose corresponding period is much greater than 150 ps, this one-inch mismatch won’t cause problems. Even at 100 MHz (which is pretty fast for a parallel bus), the period is 10 ns, i.e., ~67 times larger than the time-of-arrival discrepancy for a one-inch mismatch.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 09:10:55 AM. When implementing a real-time system, we find a circular buffer critical whether we are using a DSP processor or a general purpose processor (GPP). However, with a GPP we may have to implement the circular buffer in software. As discussed in the previous section, with each new sample, we have to update the pointer which contains the address of the newest sample. With a circular buffer implemented in software, the programmer needs to take care of updating the buffer pointers after each read and write operation. When the pointer reaches the end of the buffer, the program must wrap the pointer back to the beginning of the buffer.
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 07:48:11 AM. Twist the bare ends together, then use pliers to press the twisted section into a compact shape. Solder the wires together so that they cannot be pulled apart, using only a little solder to avoid making the joint bulky. Wind insulating tape in a spiral over the joint.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 07:38:14 AM. Wires are usually connected to components by plastic-covered terminals which push on to a blade on the unit called a spade terminal. Nearly all types of terminals should be fitted to the wire with crimping pliers. There are a few types such as the "Scotchlok" which are secured by clips. For additional security, you can add solder to the wire.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 07:36:02 AM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 12th 2018, 06:02:33 AM. Push a screwdriver blade through the grommet carefully to enlarge it for the new cables, taking care not to damage insulation on existing wires. If you pass a cable through a new hole, fit the hole with a grommet. To pass wires up door pillars or behind trim, tape them to a piece of fairly stiff wire, poke it carefully behind the trim or up the pillar, and pull it through at the far end, bringing the wire with it.
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