By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Friday, January 05th 2018, 09:31:29 AM. There are different panelization and de-panelization methods depending on the application of the PCB, thickness, shape, component layout, type of edges, and other factors. The two popular methods are the V-groove panelization and the breakaway tab panelization. Each of these uses a different method to separate the boards from the main array and has its advantages and limitations.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 06:55:37 AM. Wires and bundles of wires are clipped to the bodywork to keep them out of the way. Where they run through a hole, the sharp edges are lined with a rubber grommet. Sometimes the loom is divided into sections joined by multi-pin plugs and sockets, so that it can be removed and refitted section by section.
By Gaspard Magalie. Motor Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 05:48:48 AM. An additional limitation, often comparable to the effects of inductance, is the back-EMF of the motor. As the motor rotor turns, a sinusoidal voltage is generated proportional to the speed (step rate). This AC voltage is subtracted from the voltage waveform available to induce a change in the current.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 04:07:17 AM. If an outlying part of the loom with few wires has been damaged, it may be simpler to replace each wire to the end of the loom instead of inserting a section. If so, use the old, damaged wire as a guide to the length of the new. In an open area of wiring, join old and new with snap connectors.Fitting new wiring Fit a rubber grommet when passing wires through a new hole in the bodywork. When you fit accessories you must use large enough cables. As far as you can, route the new wiring along the course of the existing loom, using the same clips and grommets.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 30th 2017, 02:17:52 AM. Starter motors fail mostly due to overheating. They are placed in a hostile, hot environment and cannot be expected to last indefinitely. Another mode of failure is a shorted or open winding. This exhibits itself as a "dead spot" on the commutator. If a brush lands on a dead spot the motor wont turn at all. A third failure-mode is a faulty pinion engagement. Sometimes the pinion assembly gets stiff or stuck due to lack of lubrication or wear. Starter motor rebuilding or replacement is required for all of these problems.
By Gaspard Magalie. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 23:04:12 PM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By Claudine Nicolette. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 20:19:29 PM. Reset pin may be used to generate a system reset of the IC. And while a reset may also be externally generated by issuing a command (referred to as a soft reset), to achieve a full reset it is recommended to use the nReset pin (or of course you can also cycle power). On the other hand, if this pin is not to be used then it is recommended that it is either left floating or tied to VDD via a series resistor of value ≥2 kΩ.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, December 29th 2017, 20:12:23 PM. The fixtures are usually available in a variety of designs, materials, sizes, and thicknesses. Some can carry more than one board hence allowing the processing of multiple PCBs simultaneously. Other designs have adjustments to support both the primary and secondary side processes.
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