By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Friday, January 05th 2018, 09:31:29 AM. Note that U4, a 10 MHz MEMS oscillator, is also very close to the microcontroller’s clock input pin. It’s always a good idea to minimize the length of traces carrying high-frequency digital signals. First of all, there are noise benefits: a shorter, more direct trace reduces the amount of noise that would otherwise be coupled into adjacent traces, and a shorter trace also reduces electromagnetic interference (EMI) because it is less effective as an antenna. The second issue is related to transmission-line effects. Minimizing trace length is a simple way to avoid problems related to signal reflections. However, reflection is not a significant concern at frequencies in the 10 MHz range, unless you are dealing with long interconnections or a very large PCB.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 02:18:13 AM. If this does not blow a fuse the wiring overheats and melts insulation, perhaps starting a fire. A similar result can come from fitting accessories incorrectly, or if power demand is too high for the size of the wire being used. After many years, insulation may become hard and brittle, particularly where it is exposed to heat, as in the engine bay. Sections, or all of the loom, may need replacing.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 01:57:12 AM. It’s always good to be cognizant of trace lengths when you’re laying out a parallel bus, though at moderate frequencies it is nothing to stress about. The propagation time for a signal traveling through a trace is maybe 150 picoseconds/inch. So if you have two traces with a length mismatch of one inch, one signal will arrive 150 ps after the other signal. If your signals are transitioning at a frequency whose corresponding period is much greater than 150 ps, this one-inch mismatch won’t cause problems. Even at 100 MHz (which is pretty fast for a parallel bus), the period is 10 ns, i.e., ~67 times larger than the time-of-arrival discrepancy for a one-inch mismatch.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 23:57:56 PM. digital signal processor is a specialized microprocessor for the kind of algorithms employed in digital signal processing (DSP). The main goal is to accelerate the calculations while keeping the power consumption as low as possible. In this article, we review a basic addressing capability of DSP processors, i.e. circular buffering, which allows us to significantly accelerate the data transfer in a real-time system. Please note that since the acronym “DSP” stands for both “digital signal processing” and “digital signal processor," we will use the term “DSP processor” when referring to the hardware rather than the algorithm.
By Claudine Nicolette. Motor Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 20:04:12 PM. An additional limitation, often comparable to the effects of inductance, is the back-EMF of the motor. As the motor rotor turns, a sinusoidal voltage is generated proportional to the speed (step rate). This AC voltage is subtracted from the voltage waveform available to induce a change in the current.
By Claudine Nicolette. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 20:02:39 PM. It is commonly known as the BENDIX type of solenoid. Such solenoids operate in three stages, the disengaged, partially engaged and engaged. In the disengaged position the drive gear is released and no current is flowing. In the partially engaged stage, current from the starter switch flows through both the pull-in and the hold-in coils.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 19:31:18 PM. Spade terminal The spade terminal is theusual way of fixing wires to components. Crimp or bullet connector The crimpconnector is used for joining single wires toeach other. It may be a single or doubleconnector, or a multi- connector carryingseveral wires.
By Mailys Laurent. Car Wiring. Published at Friday, January 05th 2018, 18:31:04 PM. STARTER SOLENOID "Relay" — All cars are wired so that the batterys main cable connects to the starter motor windings "the thick cable is needed for large current flow, right?". This wire must be switched on and off, of course, and it would be costly and inefficient to route it through the ignition switch "not to mention the size of the switchs components required to carry such current!". Consequently, a relay is necessary.
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