By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 22:41:48 PM. Generally, the fixture materials, which range from synthetic plastics and stones to aluminum alloys and epoxy glass, should be electrostatic neutral, and able to withstand repeated thermal cycles and chemicals without deforming or wear. In particular, the thin fixtures provide better thermal management.
By Mailys Laurent. Motor Wiring. Publised at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 23:11:28 PM. Brushless outrunners are always built on a circuit board. This makes them cheaper. The circuit board for this CD motor has no electronics on it. A ribbon cable attaches 11 wires to another controller circuit board. But often the controller is built onto the same circuit board. The circuit boards interface with a controller in two ways.
By Olivier Constance. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Sunday, December 31st 2017, 22:26:36 PM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, October 04th 2017, 00:20:15 AM. The datasheet goes on to say that "the nRESET pin is internally connected to VDD with a pull up resistor of 50 kΩ." So... why are there two options for how to configure the nReset pin when it is not being used? Why not just recommend that it should be left floating (since it is already pulled high internally)? And, if there are indeed technical reasons for when the pin should be externally pulled up to VDD (for better noise immunity, as an example) then let us know what those technical reasons are.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, October 02nd 2017, 21:00:02 PM. Depanelization is the process of separating the individual boards from the main array and usually depends on the panelization method applied. The choice depends on the clearance to provide at the edges of the PCB, and the presence of sensitive SMT devices, or hanging connectors near the edges. There are automatic methods, such as the laser cutting or depaneling router, as well as manual methods that involve breaking the tabs using hands or other tools.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, October 01st 2017, 20:21:48 PM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
By Dorian Yannic. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, September 30th 2017, 19:13:18 PM. Manufacturers can use fixtures or panels to secure or frame fragile, thin, or oddly shaped PCBs. This allows them to easily fit the boards in the standard assembly, reflow, or automatic inspection machines. In addition to handling the irregular boards, the technologies enable the simultaneous processing of multiple boards as opposed to working on each board individually, hence reducing the production time and costs.
By Adrienne Emmanuel. Car Wiring. Published at Wednesday, September 27th 2017, 18:52:26 PM. If an outlying part of the loom with few wires has been damaged, it may be simpler to replace each wire to the end of the loom instead of inserting a section. If so, use the old, damaged wire as a guide to the length of the new. In an open area of wiring, join old and new with snap connectors.Fitting new wiring Fit a rubber grommet when passing wires through a new hole in the bodywork. When you fit accessories you must use large enough cables. As far as you can, route the new wiring along the course of the existing loom, using the same clips and grommets.
By Gaspard Magalie. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, September 26th 2017, 17:22:48 PM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, September 24th 2017, 00:10:58 AM. You can also see that I’ve made it very easy for heat to move away from the regulator (U1) and into the ambient environment or into other portions of the PCB. U1’s thermal tab is connected to a large copper pour, and this copper pour is shot through with vias that conduct heat down to the internal ground plane. If I were really worried about thermal issues I could also connect these vias to a copper pour on the bottom side of the board, but in this case, it would have been total overkill.
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