By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Tuesday, February 27th 2018, 06:17:58 AM. Typical fixtures have high-temperature resistance, good mechanical strength for precision machining, and good abrasion and chemical resistance to withstand the pallet cleaners and soluble fluxes.
By Claudine Nicolette. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, February 21st 2018, 18:29:47 PM. Panelization is the arranging of arrays of multiple PCBs onto a single substrate that fits in the standard processing machine. A panel may hold multiple boards with similar or different sizes and shapes. This method is faster and less costly compared to the fixtures, which require a custom carrier for every new PCB design.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Thursday, February 22nd 2018, 03:34:10 AM. When implementing a real-time system, we find a circular buffer critical whether we are using a DSP processor or a general purpose processor (GPP). However, with a GPP we may have to implement the circular buffer in software. As discussed in the previous section, with each new sample, we have to update the pointer which contains the address of the newest sample. With a circular buffer implemented in software, the programmer needs to take care of updating the buffer pointers after each read and write operation. When the pointer reaches the end of the buffer, the program must wrap the pointer back to the beginning of the buffer.
By France Barbara. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 23:10:55 PM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 09:35:38 AM. The starter solenoid has very large contacts to carry the batterys full current. Its wire coil is actuated by a smaller current from the ignition switch, at which time the iron core slams down to make contact and turn on the starter motor. Most non-Ford starter motors employ a solenoid built into the motor itself. This type of solenoid not only provides the motors electrical power but also mechanically engages the starters drive gear onto the flywheel.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Motor Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 06:15:41 AM. Servomotors are used for both high-end and low-end applications. On the high end are precision industrial components that use a rotary encoder. On the low end are inexpensive radio control servos (RC servos) used in radio-controlled models which use a free-running motor and a simple potentiometer position sensor with an embedded controller. The term servomotor generally refers to a high-end industrial component while the term servo is most often used to describe the inexpensive devices that employ a potentiometer. Stepper motors are not considered to be servomotors, although they too are used to construct larger servomechanisms. Stepper motors have inherent angular positioning, owing to their construction, and this is generally used in an open-loop manner without feedback. They are generally used for medium-precision applications.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 03:43:49 AM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Dorian Yannic. Car Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 03:33:24 AM. Several modern cars have separate thin wires embedded in flat plastic strips. These strips are very compact, and are used mainly for accessories and relay controls that require little power.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 02:52:12 AM. Even if only one wire has overheated, inspect all the others to make sure their insulation is not damaged. Before cutting out damaged wires, make sure that the colour coding is the same at each end of the damaged section of each wire, and that it is not so discoloured that it is unrecognisable. If there is any chance of confusion, label both ends.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, February 20th 2018, 00:32:52 AM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
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