By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Tuesday, February 27th 2018, 06:17:58 AM. Depanelization is the process of separating the individual boards from the main array and usually depends on the panelization method applied. The choice depends on the clearance to provide at the edges of the PCB, and the presence of sensitive SMT devices, or hanging connectors near the edges. There are automatic methods, such as the laser cutting or depaneling router, as well as manual methods that involve breaking the tabs using hands or other tools.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Thursday, February 22nd 2018, 03:34:10 AM. I always prefer to maintain a logical flow of signals and functionality in my PCB layouts. I think that this approach results in an easier design process and a better board. The AWG layout progresses from left to right: from power input and communication input/output, to the power supply circuitry, to the processor, to the DAC (which is controlled by the processor and constitutes the board’s transition from digital to analog), to the analog signal-conditioning circuitry, and finally to the output connector. Parts that don’t have a specific position in the functional flow—such as the oscillator (U4), the DAC’s passives (C16, R5, etc.), and the voltage reference (U3)—are arranged near the components that they support.
By Cyrille Lothaire. Car Wiring. Publised at Sunday, February 25th 2018, 04:10:29 AM. Rubber grommets are used where wirespass through holes drilled in the bodywork,to prevent sharp edges cutting theinsulation. Cable clips The loom and individual cables areheld to the bodywork by various types of clips.
By France Barbara. Motor Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 15:05:05 PM. A micro controller or stepper motor controller can be used to activate the drive transistors in the right order, and this ease of operation makes unipolar motors popular with hobbyists; they are probably the cheapest way to get precise angular movements. For the experimenter, the windings can be identified by touching the terminal wires together in PM motors. If the terminals of a coil are connected, the shaft becomes harder to turn.
By Gaspard Magalie. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 14:42:03 PM. Twist the bare ends together, then use pliers to press the twisted section into a compact shape. Solder the wires together so that they cannot be pulled apart, using only a little solder to avoid making the joint bulky. Wind insulating tape in a spiral over the joint.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 14:38:48 PM. Wires and bundles of wires are clipped to the bodywork to keep them out of the way. Where they run through a hole, the sharp edges are lined with a rubber grommet. Sometimes the loom is divided into sections joined by multi-pin plugs and sockets, so that it can be removed and refitted section by section.
By Fleurette Nina. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 09:31:46 AM. Relays are devices that utilize a central iron core fitted closely to the inside of a coil of wire. When the wire is energized the iron core will be drawn down the length of the coil, the direction dependent upon the direction of current flow. If the relays iron core is fitted with large, high current-carrying contacts it can be used as a high-current switch. Relays are used throughout cars for horns, electric fans, air conditioning clutches, etc. and the most important one is the starter solenoid.
By Fleurette Nina. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 06:09:42 AM. This PCB, like almost all of my PCBs, is a four-layer board. In my opinion, it is not wise to restrict yourself to two layers unless you’re dealing with a very simple circuit or you really need to cut costs. The four-layer arrangement is beneficial in terms of routing and performance: routing, because via connections to internal planes almost completely eliminate power and ground traces; and performance, because the internal planes allow for low-resistance, low-inductance power and ground connections. The extra top-layer and bottom-layer real estate opened up by all the internal-plane connections come in very handy when you need to provide a generous copper area for improved thermal performance (for example, to make sure that your LDO or your motor driver doesn’t overheat and enter thermal shutdown).
By Olivier Constance. Car Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 06:05:59 AM. If this does not blow a fuse the wiring overheats and melts insulation, perhaps starting a fire. A similar result can come from fitting accessories incorrectly, or if power demand is too high for the size of the wire being used. After many years, insulation may become hard and brittle, particularly where it is exposed to heat, as in the engine bay. Sections, or all of the loom, may need replacing.
By Mailys Laurent. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 04th 2018, 05:54:37 AM. The ease of loading and unloading the PCBs, as well as the ability to handle multiple PCBs, are important in high production lines. In addition, fixtures should provide thermal protection to the heat sensitive areas of the PCB.
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