Outrunners and inrunners both use the same ESC. This ESC is different than that of the brushed DC motor. There are three wires going to the motor instead of two. The wiring between the ESC and the Arduino consists if the same 5 wires. The three wires give the brushless motors more pulling power. Understanding this helps understand stepper motors below.
After the retaining ring is removed, the entire assembly that spins can be removed. There may be some resistance that feels like removing magnets from each other. Underneath the cup of all outrunner brushless motors is a series of coils. On some motors, between the coils, are hall effect probes. Hall effect probes detect the spinning magnetic field and provide a pulse out of the brushless motors to the electronics. From this pulse the electronics can precisely control the speed of the motor
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