Servomotors are used for both high-end and low-end applications. On the high end are precision industrial components that use a rotary encoder. On the low end are inexpensive radio control servos (RC servos) used in radio-controlled models which use a free-running motor and a simple potentiometer position sensor with an embedded controller. The term servomotor generally refers to a high-end industrial component while the term servo is most often used to describe the inexpensive devices that employ a potentiometer. Stepper motors are not considered to be servomotors, although they too are used to construct larger servomechanisms. Stepper motors have inherent angular positioning, owing to their construction, and this is generally used in an open-loop manner without feedback. They are generally used for medium-precision applications.
2 wires. Servomechanisms are designed to move to a spot and hold it is position. They are not designed to spin continuously. Used to position print heads in ink jet printers, plotters, scanners. Travel at set speeds. Go to a spot and stop. When stopped and still turned on, will attempt to hold it is position. Forcing it to move in this position can damage the motor. Typically is controlled by a circuit board that counts shadows with an LED and light sensor or has a resistor that changes value depending upon position. Often zooms to one side when powered on to figure out where it is at.
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