A micro controller or stepper motor controller can be used to activate the drive transistors in the right order, and this ease of operation makes unipolar motors popular with hobbyists; they are probably the cheapest way to get precise angular movements. For the experimenter, the windings can be identified by touching the terminal wires together in PM motors. If the terminals of a coil are connected, the shaft becomes harder to turn.
These are also known as canned motors. Two wires go into them. They often are directly connected to a battery. A switch turns them on. Higher voltages cause them to spin faster. Often geared down in toys, they are designed to spin fast. If turned on and forced to not spin, the motor will heat up, and may even burn up. The motor is made by copper wire covered with clear paint, and wound together in a ball. When the motor heats up too much, the paint turns into smoke, nearby copper wires connect, the motor becomes weaker, the motor heats up more, more smoke comes out, etc. The winding resistance keeps going down. Measure the winding resistance when the motor is new and measure again when there are problems.
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